Differences in CJC-1295 vs Sermorelin for GHRH Delivery

by | Jun 3, 2021 | Research

Both Sermorelin and CJC-1295 are peptide derivatives of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) and are often compared regarding their properties and functions. In addition to the number of actions they share, CJC-1295 and Sermorelin also appear to exhibit differences. Sermorelin is also known as GHRH 1-29, the first 29 amino acids from a large growth hormone-releasing hormone is the structure of Sermorelin. The structure of CJC-1295 also appears to consist of the first 29 amino acids of GHRH, but the difference might be that there is a modification in some of the amino acids.


The Structure of CJC-1295

Sequence: Tyr-D-Ala-Asp-Ala-Ile-Phe-Thr-Gln-Ser-Tyr-Arg-Lys-Val-Leu-Ala-Gln-Leu-Ser-Ala-Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-Gln-Asp-Ile-Leu-Ser-Arg

Molecular Formula: C152H252N44O42

Molecular Weight: 3367.954 g/mol


The Structure of Sermorelin

Sequence: Tyr-Ala-Asp-Ala-Phe-Thr-Asn-Ser-Tyr-Arg-Lys-Val-Leu-Gly-Gln-Leu-Ser-Ala-Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-Gln-Asp-Met-Ser-Arg

Molecular Formula: C149H246N44O42S

Molecular Weight: 3357.933 g/mol


Clearance and Structure

GRF (1-29) indicates the growth hormone-releasing factor (1-29), and is another name for Sermorelin. The modified form of GRF (1-29), which is sometimes speculated to be known as Mod GRF (1-29) or tetrasubstituted GRF (1-29), is another name for CJC-1295. The potency of the first 29 amino acids of GHRH is speculated to be the same as the potency of the full 44 amino acids of GHRH. Still, the natural metabolic clearance processes may clear very rapidly. To decrease the clearance rate and boost the half-life, Sermorelin can be modified so that CJC-1295 can be made more resistant to enzymatic cleavage. Research studies indicate that Sermorelin’s half-life is somewhere around five minutes, while the half-life of CJC-1295 appears to be 30 minutes.


DAC or no DAC?

The modification in CJC-1295 is often be done by adding a lysine residue and DAC, i.e., a chemical structure, to the carboxy-terminal end. DAC stands for drug affinity complex. The role of DAC is to help bind the molecules that it is attached to with the blood protein albumin. This action may help them extend the half-life of these compounds and extend their duration of action. With DAC, the time of total clearance of CJC-1295 might roughly increase from 1 hour to more than 96 hours.


Plasma Growth Hormone: CJC-1295 vs Sermorelin

The levels of Growth Hormone in the blood are suggested to be raised under the influence of both Sermorelin and CJC-1295, by the stimulation of the growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor in the anterior pituitary gland. Since both Sermorelin and CJC-1295 might operate at the level of the receptor of GHRH, they may preserve the normal pulsatile function of Growth Hormone secretion. However, Sermorelin appears to provides the more natural ebb and flow of Growth Hormone as it appears to be cleared much faster as compared to CJC-1295. The best way to explain the two peptides and their effects on the Growth Hormone curve is that both might raise the Growth Hormone levels and also both raise the preserving peaks and troughs, while the overall amount of time spent at the higher Growth Hormone levels might be extended by CJC-1295. In other words, it might be that the sharp peaks are turned into plateaus to some extent by the CJC-1295. With this, the effects of Growth Hormone may potentially be boosted substantially, and the physiology may also be altered to some degree. Still, one of the main reasons to prefer Sermorelin over the peptide CJC-1295 is that Sermorelin might provide the most speculated natural ebb and flow pattern.


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