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AICAR peptides are Synthesized and Lyophilized in the USA.
Discount per Quantity
|Quantity||5 - 9||10 +|
FREE - 30ml bottle of bacteriostatic water
(Required for reconstitution)
FREE - USPS priority shipping
What is the AICAR Peptide?
AICAR or 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide is a synthetic adenosine monophosphate analog. It was developed to stimulate the AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) activity. It is currently being investigated as a protective agent against ischemic damage in the cardiac myocytes in the event of cardiac injury. The AMP-activated protein kinase is an enzyme and a protein that plays a regulatory role in several metabolic pathways. Its expression has been observed in several tissues, including the skeletal muscles, liver, and brain. In all these tissues, it appears to have a net effect on lipogenesis, and may inhibit cholesterol synthesis and ketogenesis. It may also modulate insulin secretion and skeletal muscle fatty acid oxidation with glucose uptake. Several energy deficit states in the body can trigger the release of AMPK, like hypoxia or hypoglycemia. This process makes AICAR an important investigational peptide for its potential of being used as a treatment for diabetes. It has also been investigated for its role in reversing cardiac ischemic injury.
SYNONYMS: Z-nucleotide, 5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide ribotide, 5′-Phosphoribosyl-5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide
MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 338.213 g/mol
MOLECULAR FORMULA: C9H15N4O8P
AICAR and the Heart
The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the modern world and the fatalities associated are growing. Its prevalence makes it one of the most widely researched diseases in the medical field. AICAR has been researched for its potential two-way protective role in protecting the heart from the ischemia associated with CVD. Inflammation is a significant contributor to the disease pathology in atherosclerosis and other heart diseases. Research conducted on rabbits has posited that AICAR may surpress vascular smooth muscle proliferation. The control of vascular inflammation reduces the risk of short-term and long-term complications of stent placement, and also contributes to the overall health of the heart. One of the immune responses that trigger a heart attack is macrophage proliferation in response to high LDL (bad cholesterol) levels. AICAR may play a role in suppressing this immune response. This potential would mitigate the risk of precipitation of a heart attack.
If a heart attack does occur, AICAR has been studied for its potentially protective properties, delaying the process of cell death by a process called preconditioning. By the same coin, AICAR, in an ischemic heart, appears to reduce the frequency and size of the infarct by up to 25%. It may also improve the overall blood flow to the heart.
AICAR and Insulin Resistance
Insulin resistance results from inflammation in the fatty tissues. This process results in raised blood glucose levels. The suppression of inflammation results in increased insulin sensitivity with improved glucose homeostasis. AICAR, via its possible anti-inflammatory role in different metabolic pathways, may improve insulin sensitivity and lipid metabolism. In diabetic mice, AICAR administration was observed to reduce blood glucose levels without body weight changes. AICAR appears to mimic the effect that exercise has on glucose uptake by muscles. It has the potential to upregulate the GLUT-4 receptors on muscles that are prime transporters involved in glucose uptake.
AICAR and Cancer
AICAR, via its AMPK activation, may play a role in cancer cell metabolism. In research conducted on cell cultures and rats, prolonged AICAR administration appeared to slow down the metabolism of cancer cells and hence their proliferation. It also may make the cancerous cells more vulnerable to harsh environmental factors. This vulnerability in cancer cells may support future AICAR trials to explore its suitability for cancer treatment adjunctive use with chemotherapeutic agents. Thyroid cancer cell research has also suggested that AICAR may induce apoptosis in cancer cells by p21 induction and caspase-3 activations, potentially causing inhibition of cancer cell proliferation.
AICAR and Fertility
For a very long time, a large amount of AICAR research has been directed toward its potential benefit in improving male fertility. Various studies on cats, dogs, and mice have observed that AMPK activation appears to improve fertility. Since AICAR is an apparently effective AMPK activator, its long-term administration may lead to improved sperm motility. Since AICAR may regulate the activity of all the active enzymes involved in sperm motility, its administration has the potential to provide a profound positive effect on fertilization.
AICAR and Inflammation
AMPK activation appears to have an overall anti-inflammatory effect at a cellular level. Inflammation forms a part of the pathogenesis of several diseases in the body. The same is valid for diabetes, making AICAR an potential for diabetic therapy. But its potential as an anti-inflammatory in disease processes does not stop here. Animal research has shown its potential benefit in various inflammatory disorders like hepatitis, acute lung injury, asthma, colitis, and atherosclerosis. To conclude, AICAR may have significant cardioprotective properties. It has been studied for its possible abilities to improve metabolic health and complications associated with it. It finds use in cancer treatment studies and a variety of inflammatory condition research as well.
- Corton, J. M., Gillespie, J. G., Hawley, S. A., & Hardie, D. G. (1995). 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside. A specific method for activating AMP-activated protein kinase in intact cells?. European journal of biochemistry, 229(2), 558–565. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1995.tb20498.x
- Sun, N., Youle, R. J., & Finkel, T. (2016). The Mitochondrial Basis of Aging. Molecular cell, 61(5), 654–666. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2016.01.028
- Stone, J. D., Narine, A., & Tulis, D. A. (2012). Inhibition of vascular smooth muscle growth via signaling crosstalk between AMP-activated protein kinase and cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Frontiers in physiology, 3, 409. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2012.00409
- Ishii, N., Matsumura, T., Kinoshita, H., Motoshima, H., Kojima, K., Tsutsumi, A., Kawasaki, S., Yano, M., Senokuchi, T., Asano, T., Nishikawa, T., & Araki, E. (2009). Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase suppresses oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced macrophage proliferation. The Journal of biological chemistry, 284(50), 34561–34569. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.028043
- Buhl, E. S., Jessen, N., Pold, R., Ledet, T., Flyvbjerg, A., Pedersen, S. B., Pedersen, O., Schmitz, O., & Lund, S. (2002). Long-term AICAR administration reduces metabolic disturbances and lowers blood pressure in rats displaying features of the insulin resistance syndrome. Diabetes, 51(7), 2199–2206. https://doi.org/10.2337/diabetes.51.7.2199
- Su, C. C., Hsieh, K. L., Liu, P. L., Yeh, H. C., Huang, S. P., Fang, S. H., Cheng, W. C., Huang, K. H., Chiu, F. Y., Lin, I. L., Huang, M. Y., & Li, C. Y. (2019). AICAR Induces Apoptosis and Inhibits Migration and Invasion in Prostate Cancer Cells Through an AMPK/mTOR-Dependent Pathway. International journal of molecular sciences, 20(7), 1647. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20071647
- Martin-Hidalgo, D., Hurtado de Llera, A., Calle-Guisado, V., Gonzalez-Fernandez, L., Garcia-Marin, L., & Bragado, M. J. (2018). AMPK Function in Mammalian Spermatozoa. International journal of molecular sciences, 19(11), 3293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19113293
- Idrovo, J. P., Yang, W. L., Jacob, A., Aziz, M., Nicastro, J., Coppa, G. F., & Wang, P. (2015). AICAR attenuates organ injury and inflammatory response after intestinal ischemia and reperfusion. Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.), 20(1), 676–683. https://doi.org/10.2119/molmed.2014.00134
Dr. Usman (BSc, MBBS, MaRCP) completed his studies in medicine at the Royal College of Physicians, London. He is an avid researcher with more than 30 publications in internationally recognized peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Usman has worked as a researcher and a medical consultant for reputable pharmaceutical companies such as Johnson & Johnson and Sanofi.
Chloe Hamilton –
They are amazing with customer service. The other day I had ordered a few types of peptides including MOD GRF 1-29. Turns out they had run out of stock and immidiatly called to inform me of what was happening. They offered me either full refund or just to send whatever they had in stock as their shipment of this peptide was running late. I jusr asked for them to send whatever peptides they could and refund me on the ones that are missing. Hung up and went on with my day and the next morning got an email that they recieved their Mod grf this morning and would send it as soon as possible. Love it! They had my payment already in file but I needed to confirm but so happy that they remembered me and sought me out. I think the person I was dealing with was Dani!
Skye Gordon –
Shipment was fast. I had got a confirmation number in the morning and recieved it by the end of the day!
Theo Heuett –
It is really frustrating for me to see such an amazing company with such oustanding products go downhill in reviews because of the shipping company. I understand it is not your fault, but c’mon, change the shipping company if they destroy your business.
Wenye Dang –
I have no complaints so far. I’ve ordered from them a few times and one time one of the boxes came chipped in a corner, but that was about it.
Jenny Lee –
The customer experience in this company is second to none. Came for the products, stayed for the experience and quality.
Melanie Cruz –
Biotech has been my peptide supplier for months now. I have never had to wait for a restock (could be luck) but they are on top of keeping up with demand.
Alice Eve –
I guess this peptide is pretty popular with them cause it gets out of stock pretty quickly. Thankful I don’t need it often.
Emma Miller –
They are one of the few peptide suppliers that have real and good quality peptides!
Ava Martinez –
Thanks for the free bac water!
Amy F. –
Thank you for always having the best quality peptides! Consistency is great.
Amar Habib –
My company has been working with BP for a few years now and they are great! Never had any mistakes with them.
Yakima Gal –
I’ve searched for this product ALL OVER the internet and on the few sites where I found it, it cost a fortune. I feel very lucky to have found it here. Nice selection and reasonable prices.
Felix Hernandez –
Was recommended to them a little while back. Now i’m the one recommending them to others!
matt long –
My experience with Biotech has been great. I have had an issue with them only once where they charged me twice for an order. That was quickly handled through email actually. Other than that great company.
Troy Perkins –
Used to work with another peptide company, I switched over due to their constant sales and better pricing for better quality peptides.
walter forbs –
Afforable and good quality peptides is what you get here.
Cooper Qualls –
Thanks for the free bac waters with my orders!!
Ahmad khalili –
I was assisted by Jamie and they were able to handle my situation quickly and efficiently. Peptides I had purchased showed up and a few of them appeared to have been broken or oxidized while in transit. Jamie was able to correct this and sent me a new batch of peptides and also gave a discount code for my next purchase as well.
Bill Korreck –
Shipping was fast and peptides looked to be in great condition as well. Packaging doesn’t look the safest but it did the job!
Jessica Aber –
Lot of frequent sales!